While visiting MPXNJ or in your research, you might have heard the term “terpenes” used when learning about cannabis. If you’re new to the industry, you might be wondering what terpenes are. Also, how do terpenes contribute to the effects of cannabis? In this blog, we will cover terpenes, the types of cannabis terpenes, and their potential medicinal benefits.
What Are Terpenes?
The aroma of cannabis is unmistakable, and most people can smell it before they even see it. So, what gives cannabis it’s pungent aroma and why? The answer is, terpenes.
Terpenes [ learn more ] are aromatic compounds that lend cannabis its many different fragrant scents. Terpenes also play a role in shaping the therapeutic effects of cannabis. In the simplest terms, terpenes are chemicals that determine how things smell and taste.
Although most terpenes are present in trace amounts, the more prominent ones group together to give diverse cannabis strains their signature scent profiles. For example, the combination of terpenes found in a strain called Sour Diesel can tell you of its pungent, gassy character while the strain Cherry Punch evokes a pleasant scent of sweet, cherry, and fruit-forward aroma.
Where Do Terpenes Come From?
Terpenes are naturally-occurring compounds found in the trichomes of female cannabis plants. Trichomes are sticky, translucent glands that cover the surface of buds, and in much smaller amounts, on leaves and stems. Additionally, trichomes contain resin glands that produce terpenes.
What Are the Most Common Terpenes Found in Cannabis?
As mentioned before, there’s a wide range of the types of cannabis terpenes that are present in the plant. While there are many terpenes out there, the concentrations are often too low to detect, while others have a more robust presence. Below are the most commonly found terpenes that are present in most cannabis strains.
Caryophyllene, also known as beta-caryophyllene or β-caryophyllene, lends a spicy, peppery bite to some cannabis strains. Caryophyllene is also found in other plants such as cloves, rosemary, oregano, and black pepper. Caryophyllene may have potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, and calming effects.
Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes found in cannabis strains. The most dominant terpenes that are found in cannabis strains are either myrcene or caryophyllene. Myrcene, a terpene that’s also predominant in hops and lemongrass, has been described as delivering scent notes that are herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky. Myrcene also gives cannabis a mildly sweet flavor profile—it’s also found in mangoes. Myrcene may also have therapeutic benefits, such as sedative, and anti-inflammatory effects.
Ocimene is a terpene responsible for some of the sweet and herbaceous flavors of certain cannabis strains, and it can also add citrusy and woody undertones. It may also offer a wide array of therapeutic properties as well as uplifting effects.
Humulene naturally occurs in clove, basil, hops, and cannabis sativa. It carries a subtle earthy, woody aroma with spicy herbal notes you might recognize in some of your favorite strains. Though cannabis is commonly associated with appetite stimulation, humulene is actually believed to suppress hunger.
Limonene has a clean, fresh, uplifting citrus-like scent—limonene’s name is a giveaway for the aromas associated with this terpene. Limonene is found in the rinds of citrus fruits and ginger, and the terpene is also predominant in many cannabis cultivars that have a fruity, fresh bouquet aroma. Studies suggest that Limonene may have potential therapeutic elevating moods and for stress relief.
Linalool like many other terpenes is not specific to cannabis. Its characteristic lavender scent with a hint of spiciness can be found in a variety of other plants. Linalool can be known to have a calming and relaxing effect that may help to ease anxiety.
Terpinolene is characterized by a fresh, piney, floral, herbal, and occasionally citrusy aroma and flavor. It is found in a variety of other pleasantly fragrant plants including nutmeg, tea tree, conifers, apples, cumin, and lilacs, and is sometimes used in soaps, perfumes, and lotions. Terpinolene may potentially have antifungal, antioxidant, and antibacterial therapeutic benefits.
The Therapeutic Benefits of Terpenes: How Do Terpenes Affect the Body?
As mentioned before, terpenes are also found in other plants. For example, if you’ve ever experienced a body massage, the masseuse would ask about aromatherapy with the use of essential oils. One of the most common essential oils used in a massage session is lavender. Lavender contains a terpene called linalool – which may potentially help you relax. Similarly, terpenes in certain cannabis strains can add certain effects.
You can use this chart to help determine which terpenes will create your desired effects. Each cannabinoid and terpene have its own set of therapeutic benefits and unique properties, and when consumed together they can enhance each other’s effects.
In this way, they are more effective together than if they are alone. This is referred to as the “Entourage Effect”.
Our dispensary agents at MPXNJ are highly knowledgeable in cannabinoid and terpene effects and can help guide you to the right cannabinoid profile for your needs.
MPXNJ: Your Trusted New Jersey Dispensary
One of the most important things to keep in mind when shopping for cannabis products is the quality and reputation of your retailer. For example, can you trust what they’re providing you with? At MPXNJ, we are dedicated to providing our customers and medical patients with the best care, knowledge, and products, making it easy for you to shop confidently for high-quality cannabis products.
Instead of choosing a random result from your internet search for “cannabis near me” stick with a licensed dispensary name you know and can trust: MPXNJ. To help answer more of your questions when selecting cannabis products and how to choose the right products for your lifestyle, contact MPXNJ [ here ] or visit our dispensaries today. If you have additional questions before you visit one of our locations, start by heading to our FAQ section [ here ] to help you get started.
License holder: MPX New Jersey, LLC (MPX NJ)
This product contains cannabis. For use only by adults 21 years of age or older. Keep out of the reach of children. There may be health risks associated with the consumption of this product, including for women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning on becoming pregnant. Do not drive a motor vehicle or operate heavy machinery while using this product. MPX NJ is licensed by the State of New Jersey.